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Meaning of post-tramatic stress disorder.
PSTD is an anxiety disorder that some people get after seeing or living through a dangerious event.


What is postramatic stress disorder?

Posttraumatic stress disorder (commonly referred to by its acronym, PTSD) is an anxiety disorder that can develop after exposure to one or more traumatic events that threatened or caused great physical, psychological, or sexual harm.

Symptoms of posttramatic disorder.

1.Re-experiencing symptoms

.flashbacks-reliving the trauma over and over including symptoms like a racing heart or sweating.

.Bad dreams

.frightening thoughts

2.Avoidance symptoms

.staying away from places ,events that reminds you of the experience.

.feeling emotionally numb.

.feeling strong guilt.

3.Hyperarousal symptoms

.Being easily startled

.Feeling tense or on edge

.Having difficulty sleeping


  • Re-living: People with PTSD repeatedly re-live the ordeal through thoughts and memories of the trauma. These may include flashbacks, hallucinations, and nightmares. They also may feel great distress when certain things remind them of the trauma, such as the anniversary date of the event.
  • Avoiding: The person may avoid people, places, thoughts, or situations that may remind him or her of the trauma. This can lead to feelings of detachment and isolation from family and friends, as well as a loss of interest in activities that the person once enjoyed.
  • Increased arousal: These include excessive emotions; problems relating to others, including feeling or showing affection; difficulty falling or staying asleep; irritability; outbursts of anger; difficulty concentrating; and being "jumpy" or easily startled. The person may also suffer physical symptoms, such as increased blood pressure and heart rate, rapid breathing, muscle tension, nausea, and diarrhea


    Treatment of PTSD

    Today, there are good treatments available for PTSD. When you have PTSD dealing with the past can be hard. Instead of telling others how you feel, you may keep your feelings bottled up. But talking with a therapist can help you get better.

    Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is one type of counseling. It appears to be the most effective type of counseling for PTSD. There are different types of cognitive behavioral therapies such as cognitive therapy and exposure therapy. There is also a similar kind of therapy called eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) that is used for PTSD. Medications have also been shown to be effective. A type of drug known as a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), which is also used for depression, is effective for PTSD.


    Awareness For PTSD

    1. No Emotional Awareness: At this level, a person has no idea what they are feeling or that an emotion is even present. For example, a person may say that they "feel like a loser." However, this is not really an emotional state, but instead, an evaluation or judgment.

    2. Awareness of Bodily Sensations: Here, a person has some awareness of their emotions. However, they may only be aware of bodily sensations that they are experiencing, such as increased heart rate or muscle tension.

    3. Awareness of Behaviors: At this level of emotional awareness, a person is only aware of how they would like to act as a result of having some kind of emotion. For example, a person may say that they feel like they would like to leave a situation as quickly as possible (which may be an indication of fear or anxiety), or that they feel as though they could yell at someone (an indication of anger).

    4. Awareness that an Emotional State Is Present: At this stage, a person is aware that an emotion is present; however, they may have a hard time figuring out exactly what emotion is there. For instance, a person may have enough awareness to know that they feel "bad" or "overwhelmed" but nothing more specific than that. This is sometimes referred to as an undifferentiated emotional state.

    5. Differentiated Emotional Awareness: We are now getting to the top levels of emotional awareness. At this level, a person is aware of discrete emotions that are present. A person is able to identify the emotion that they are experiencing at any given point in time, such as sadness, anger, fear, anxiety, happiness, joy, or excitement.

    6. Blended Emotional Awareness: This is the top level of emotional awareness. At this level, a person is aware of multiple emotions that are present at the same time, including emotions that may on the surface appear to be in opposition to one another (for example, sadness and happiness). For example, a mother seeing her child go off to school for the first time may be very happy to see her child reaching this milestone but also sad to see that her child is growing up so quickly.


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